Feudalism in the countries of Asia

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Landscaping developed independently in the Far East. Its principles most appeared in China  and Japan. They were assertion of the importance of the beauty of nature and the absolutism of its aesthetical qualities, and subordination of all that is created by man to this beauty. This style was called irregular style. In the Ryoanji gardens of the Daiju-in temple in Kyoto in 1499, for example, the image of life is personified in the combination of sand and stone. Kateura park was created in the outskirts of Kyoto in 1602 with a nature-like composition, in which various features such as small islands, artificial hills and vegetation are a common characteristic.